Top 5 problems
1.) High Fertility Rate
Uganda's high fertility rate is one of the biggest reasons why their life expectancy is so short. Wit the more people there, the less food and other resources they can evenly divide amongst the population for their survival. Some of these resources are medicine for people with diseases, food, safe water, shelter, etc.
I suggest, that other more developed countries, donate money to build more institutions that give out the use of contraception, education on family planning, a more urbanized work force, and proper education. With a 3.1% rate of natural increase, and an estimated 18 years in which the entire country will double, there simply will not be enough resources and space for everyone person to be able to survive. This will leads to a mass emigration from Uganda into the more developed countries. This will cause their own personal struggles to spread to other countries. They will bring their untreated diseases, lack of work skills, and poor education, into a completely different place in which they will be forced to adapt without the proper knowledge and preparation of their tasks ahead.
2.) Poor Sewage/Sanitation
3.) Lack of institutions/Urbanization
I understand that religious and other cultural beliefs, are some of the reasons why Uganda is only 14% Urbanized. While i respect the fact that they would like to keep their own way of life, but with the severe lacking of institutions in Uganda, they are offered significantly less opportunities for survival, than those of the more developed world. In Uganda, there is only 1 pyhsician per every 21,000 people. With a 6.5% of the population being infected with the HIV/AIDS virus alone, that's almost 2 million people who have probably the worst sickness someone can have, that averages to only a hundred doctors to treat those patients who have that disease alone. Take into account the millions of other people suffering from life threatening diseases, there just are way too few doctors per people. I recommend that we need to build more institutions in Uganda for family planning, contraception use, and the simple treatment of these deadly disease which most of the time an easily be combated by a simple antibiotic. They simply need more hospitals and doctors, and other organizations which can help treat sick people, contain diseases from spreading, and offer sexual protection and education.
4.) Poor Education
The education in Uganda is very bad to put it simply. Only 56% of adults are literate, while 5 % attend high school, and 1 % attend college. What we need is to develop more programs within the states involving peace corps, which can build schools, and have teachers their to further advance the children in to high school or college. The education, as well as the gender equality, needs to drastically improve, so not only more woman have access to an education, but so there can be a higher development of hat education, so that children can learn more skills, and use their knowledge to personally advance the development of their country. This will lead to a higher urbanization, which will decrease fertility rates, and open up a much higher job opportunities which could one day stabilize the economy.